FD30s Global Fire Door Facts & Information

Fire Doors are not an option they are required by Law

According to research carried out by the BWF CERTIFIRE Scheme during 2013-14, UK Fire and Rescue Services attended approx 40,000 fires in domestic properties, resulting in both fatalities and serious injuries, the majority of which could have been prevented by the correct use of fire doors.

A correctly specified and installed fire door can save the lives of building occupants yet they are often poorly maintained or used ineffectively. It is therefore essential for installers and building owners to ensure that their fire door knowledge is kept up to date. Failure to comply with regulations related to Fire Doors can result in legal action, which can attract a prison sentence and/or a heavy financial penalty.

Fact

There was on average

350

deaths in the UK
resulting from fire between 2013 & 2014
Source: Office of national statistics

Fact

There are on average

50,000

house fires
in the UK every year
Source: UK Fire Service

Fact

There are on average

1,100

injuries from
house related fires
in the UK every year
Source: Office of national statistics

What is the difference between FD30 & FD30S?

The main objective of a fire door is to prevent flames and more importantly smoke entering the property. For this to be achieved it is critical that the door-set is fitted with relevant smoke seals, which will prevent any smoke getting through vulnerable areas of the door (for example around glazed openings or between the door and frame). Many suppliers will offer a FD30 option, but to ensure your doorset is fully fitted with smoke seals you must look for the suffix ‘s’. All of our fire door range are FD30s approved.

Where can I find out more about the rules/law governing the use of Fire Doors?

The law related to fire safety in buildings which encompasses the installation of fire doors are contained in the Building Regulations Approved Document B a copy of which can be viewed via the Government Portal site through the above hyperlink –this document is divided into two parts – Volume 1 which refers to residential properties and Volume 2 which covers all other types of properties.

How can I be sure that my fire door complies with the required standards of this document?

Your door set (the combined door and frame unit) or the component parts comprising this door set will be required to be certified by an approved independent organisation such as Certifier or IFC who provide third party certification schemes that assures performance, quality, reliability and traceability of fire protection products.

Can I construct my own fire door?

Only if you or your Installer can manufacture you door sets from CERTIFIRE approved products in accordance with all supplier installation instructions. The responsibility for compliance in such instances will be with the property owner/client.

Is the safest form of purchase from an approved manufacturer?

Yes, Door sets from reputable manufacturers will come with independent third party certification with fire test evidence and assurance that the component parts are covered by test data supplied by an approved independent body, such as Exova or Trada.
The certification also covers the manufacture and fire compliance of the components being used.
In this instance, the property owner /client takes the least risk as the fire door has been underwritten by the third party certification body.
It is possible but not recommended that Installers can procure and fit door sets components that have fire test evidence or cascaded evidence from component suppliers’ global assessments. In this instance, the property owner /client must accept the manufacturer’s assurances that the doors are constructed exactly as per the required specification.

Are there any specific requirements for Landlords?

Yes, the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 places the legal responsibility for fire compliance on a ‘responsible person’, such person being defined by the Order as the landlord or contractor undertaking improvements to a property, this Order spells out the penalties for failure to comply with fire regulations which can be either a substantial fine, a prison sentence of up to two years or, in the event of a fire, the responsible person could face corporate manslaughter charges if the building was deemed at fault.

Are there any specific Health and Safety regulations with which I must comply?

Where a property is sublet into individual units the Housing Act 2004 includes rules specific to Landlords who have a duty under the ACT to ensure that adequate fire compliance measures are in place i.e that fire doors with adequate fire and smoke resistance are installed and maintained in order to comply with the latest fire regulations a rule which also applies to front doors on leasehold properties and doors leading to communal areas two years or, in the event of a fire, the responsible person could face corporate manslaughter charges if the building was deemed at fault.

Why should I choose a Global Fire Door?

All Global Fire Doors come with independent third party certification that assures performance, quality and reliability they are all smoke tested for up to 30 minutes (FD30s) and fully approved by CERTIFIRE to ensure the purchasers complete peace of mind.
Manufactured to a high level of security compliant with both PAS023/024 and Secured by Design accreditation available in 15 different door styles with 11 available colours they provide a tailor-made composite fire door solution for any property.

What should I be looking for in a Fire door doorset specification?

An ideal specification will include:
  • An FD30s (fire and smoke tested for up to 30minutes) certificate from an approved third party certification for fire compliance
  • A PAS023/24 and Secured by Design independent third party test certification.

How will I know that my chosen Fire door complies with the regulations?

An ideal specification will include:
  • Insist on seeing test/certification evidence of FD30s and PAS 23/24 (this should be part of your door delivery package) and read and familiarise yourself with all requirements.
  • Ensure all components that make up the door set have been tested including checking hinges and seals to ensure they are CE marked (mandatory in EU since 1985).
  • Where toplights or sidelights form part of your doorset ensure that they have been included within the testing and certification.
  • All doors should be tested to BS 476 Part 22 or BS EN 1634.and the appropriate certification should be provided.

Why should I request / specify a third party certified door?

Where a door is Third party certified it means that independent experts have monitored all aspects of its manufacture the door will be registered and an audit trail is available for the client and any independent fire inspector should the need arise. As the manufacture of the door has effectively been underwritten by the “third party certification body” there is minimal risk that can be attached to the client /property owner should the door fail for technical reasons. Without third party certification the client / property owner will be required to make their own assessment of the acceptability of the door and may be liable should it later fail for technical reasons.

Note – Third party certified fire doors must have an identification label fixed to the door detailing its unique reference number to ensure full traceability further , if the door is glazed it must have the accompanying factory glazed label. It is the client / property owners’ responsibility to check that the door being installed is compliant – ignorance is not an adequate defence in law.

Can I install my own Fire doors?

Due to the complex nature of seals and closers it is recommended that installation of Fire doors is only undertaken by qualified tradesmen.

What is it that is so different about the installation of a Fire door?

All certified fire doors come with detailed installation instructions which the third party certification body will have considered and approved it is therefore fundamental to the continued safety and security of the door that such instructions are followed precisely, failure to do so may nullify the certification. The certification applies to all components such as hinges, closers etc. they must be CE marked and compatible with the specific fire door certification, changes to the specification may nullify the certification.

Can I modify my Fire door once it is installed?

Modification of fire doors after installation is not recommended as the installation of glazed vision panels, new frames or seals etc. will make the existing certification null and void.

I understand that Fire doors can be subject to more draught than normal doors is this correct?

It is correct that Fire Doors require a constant gap around the door of some 3-4mm to allow for expansion of intumescent strips in the event of a fire – a gap of this size if the door is correctly rebated will prevent the spread of smoke until such times as the intumescent strips are activated – the strips themselves can expand between 5-10 times their normal size efficiently closing, sealing and securing the door until the fire is extinguished. We would not anticipate that a 3-4mm gap would create any draughts. All Global Fire Doors are supplied with detailed installation guide to ensure the intumescent strips are correctly installed and a tube of intumescent silicone sealant is also included in the package to seal any gaps that may occur around door frames.

Is it necessary that I have a door closer on my Fire Door?

It is not just necessary it is mandatory that Fire Doors be fitted with a door closer – fire doors should be kept closed at all times when not in use as it is both dangerous and illegal to keep Fire doors propped open
  • In a 2014 survey, fire risk assessors found 80% of escape routes obstructed, 65% of fire doors wedged open, and 85% with door closers disconnected
  • Leaving fire doors wedged or propped open is against the law
  • In a review of 100 cases prosecuted under the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005, fire doors were the second highest reason for prosecutions
Your Global Fire door is provided with a choice of closer either surface mounted or concealed.

Why should I choose a Global Fire Door?

All Global Fire Doors come with independent third party certification that assures performance, quality and reliability they are all smoke tested for up to 30 minutes (FD30s) and fully approved by CERTIFIRE to ensure the purchasers complete peace of mind.
Manufactured to a high level of security compliant with both PAS023/024 and Secured by Design accreditation available in 15 different door styles with 11 available colours they provide a tailor-made composite fire door solution for any property.

What do I need to do to maintain my Fire Door?

There is a lot to consider when choosing your correct Fire Door and even more to monitor when it comes to maintenance – the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005requires that fire doors in all types of building are regularly checked and maintained in order to ensure effective operation.
Some key questions to ask as part of your regular maintenance programme could include:
  • Are there are any holes or damage to the door or frame?
  • Is the door frame firmly attached to the wall?
  • Are all seals, hinges, locks, screws etc. present and in good working order?
  • Are all glazed vision panels free from cracks?
  • Is there a constant 3-4mm gap around the door frame?
  • Are intumescent seals in place and attached continuously around the frame?
  • Is the fire door unobstructed? Is it kept closed when not in use?

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